The Therapeutic Potential of Synthetic and Natural Cannabinoids in Treating Alzheimer’s Disease
Keywords:Alzheimer's disease, Amyloid-beta, Cannabinoids, Tau Protein, Hyperphosphorylation, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, neurodegeneration, endocannabinoid system, inflammation, neurotoxicity, memory deficits, cholinergic system
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most prevalent and debilitating neurodegenerative diseases in the world, highlighting the need for research on novel treatments and therapies. Previous studies have found that the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) interacts closely with its neural system, making it a potential avenue for the treatment of neurological disorders. One hallmark of AD is the accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) in the brain and its potentially detrimental effects on cognitive function. Cannabis-based drugs have been observed to regulate Aβ modifications and inhibit AD progression. Furthermore, cannabinoids have been noted to reduce inflammation and neurotoxicity. Synthetic cannabinoids were able to rescue memory deficits and neurodegeneration, and reduce immunoreactivity. Similarly, natural cannabinoids like Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) demonstrate therapeutic potential by interacting with the cholinergic system, and reversing the symptoms of AD. Although further research and testing are needed, it is evident that the use of cannabinoids shows promise for future treatment in AD patients.
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